Article

Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis

Authors
  • Anna B. Costello
  • Jason Osborne

Abstract

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a complex, multi-step process. The goal of this paper is to collect, in one article, information that will allow researchers and practitioners to understand the various choices available through popular software packages, and to make decisions about “best practices” in exploratory factor analysis. In particular, this paper provides practical information on making decisions regarding (a) extraction, (b) rotation, (c) the number of factors to interpret, and (d) sample size.

Keywords: Factor analysis, PCA

How to Cite:

Costello, A. B. & Osborne, J., (2005) “Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis”, Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation 10(1): 7. doi: https://doi.org/10.7275/jyj1-4868

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